In the period 2000-2005, South America reported the largest net loss of forest, followed by Africa. In the 1990s, Asia had a net forest loss of 800,000 hectares per year. In the period 2000-2005 Asia showed a net gain of forests of around 1 million hectares per year, despite high rates of deforestation in many countries in the region, in particular in Southeast Asia. This net gain is attributed to large-scale afforestation, particularly in China, where there has been an annual increase of more than 4 million hectares. Meanwhile in Europe forest areas continued to expand, although at a relatively slow rate, while North and Central America and Oceania registered a relatively small annual net loss of forests over the 1990-2005 period (FAO 2006).
The five countries with the largest annual net loss of forest area in the period 2000-2005 were Brazil, Indonesia, Sudan, Myanmar and Zambia.The five countries with the largest annual net gain in forest area over the same period were China, Spain, Vietnam, the United States and Italy. Chile, Costa Rica, India and Vietnam are among the countries which have recently recorded a change from having a net loss of forests to having a net gain in forest area (FAO 2006).
Segundo este estudo, a Ásia e a Europa mostraram ganhos na recuperação e crescimento da área florestal. E a América do Norte, perda devido ao desmatamento no México, uma vez que Canadá e EUA tiveram ganhos, como se pode ver no mapa abaixo:
A sailor repels from an HH-60H Sea Hawk to the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS George Washington in the Pacific Ocean, Oct. 23, 2008. The salior is from the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Detachment 5, Platoon 501. U.S. Navy photo by Brendan Morgan.